Nuclear Structure

Within the project area "Nuclear Structure" we investigate basic properties of atomic nuclei. The symmetry of protons and neutrons is a cornerstone of Nuclear Physics. Breaking this symmetry has important implications for this quantum system. The study of electric dipole transitions and related structures is one approach to get a deeper insight into this feature of nuclei. Examples are the Pygmy Dipole Resonance (which is in collective models described as an out-of-phase oscillation of excess neutrons against a proton-neutron core) or octupole correlations. We perform the following research:
  • Experiments with fusion evaporation and direct reactions using ions at the Tandem accelerator of the University of Cologne (UoC) and at other facilities to investigate the strcuture of low spin excitations in heavy and medium-heavy atomic nuclei. Institute operates the HORUS array consisting of 14 high-resolution HP(Ge)-Detektoren for gamma rays and the ion spectrometer SONIC which has been developed by our research group. Other epxeriments of our group are performed at the Maier-Leibnitz-Laboratory of the LMU and TU Munich and at the Horia Hulubei National Institute of Physics and Nuclear Engineering in Bukarest/Romania.

  • Experiments with quasi-monoenergetic real photons in the MeV range from Laser Compton backscattering at the Triangle Universities Nuclear Laboratory in Durham, NC, USA.

  • Experiments to study the Pygmy Dipole Resonance (PDR) in stable nuclei using protons and alpha particles at the AGOR-Zyklotron of the KVI Groningen and in neutron rich radioactive nuclei at GSI Darmstadt and at the RIKEN Nishina Center in Wako/Japan.

  • Calculations within the framework of different nuclear structure models.
The projects are supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (ZI 510/4-2) and the EU (EURONS RII3-CT-2004-506065). The University of Cologne is partner of the NuSTAR centre of research within the BMBF.